Secure Your Wireless Network
A secure wireless network is important whether it be at your home or business.
Here is a quick “How To” guide to tweak your wireless router so that it is secure.
Login to your wireless router
If you've never logged into your wireless router, look up the make and model of the router, and find the default IP Address, username, and password, then login.
For example, if your wireless router has a default IP Address of 192.168.1.1, default username of admin, and default password of blank. Login by doing the following:
- Open Internet Explorer and type in the address http://192.168.1.1
- When prompted, the username would be admin, and the password would be blank. If the router's password is still set to the default password, it is important to change this password to something else to keep an intruder from logging in and making unauthorized changes.
Enable MAC Filtering
This is probably the easiest way to keep intruders off of your wireless network although the least secure.
You can enable a White-list of MAC Addresses and then only the MAC Addresses that you specifically put into this list will be able to use your Wireless. You'll have to remember this if a friend comes over and tries to use your wireless network.
It's important to use encryption on your wireless network. Not only does it keep intruders off of the network, it also keeps eavesdroppers from listening in on your network traffic. The two major types of wireless encryption are listed below. Please also note that any encryption enabled on the wireless router must also be enabled on each Wireless Device that needs to connect to the internet.
- WEP – This is still the most common type of encryption enabled on most
- WPA2 – This is becoming the most common type of encryption and is
Deciding between WPA2, WEP, or MAC Filtering
WPA2 Encryption is the most secure method for keeping intruders off your network.
If you have older devices that will not support WPA2, WEP is encouraged. If you are unsure how to setup encryption, MAC filtering is least secure, but easiest to setup.
Disable SSID Broadcasting
This option decides whether people can or cannot see your wireless signal. This is not necessarily recommended because although this will keep your network invisible to the common nosy neighbor, it will not protect your network from any serious hackers. It can also make setting up your own devices on your wireless network more difficult. So, it's good to know how this works, but always use encryption
and don't rely on just disabling SSID broadcasts to keep your network secure.
These simple steps will secure your wireless network and protect you from amateur hackers. If you want to know more about how to secure your network or have a question, please email me at firstname.lastname@example.org